Coffee’s Role in Sumatra

Originally names Celebes, coffee was introduced to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi in 1750 by the Dutch East India Company and remained under Dutch control until World War II. Today, Indonesia ranks as the fourth largest coffee producer in the world. While a smaller percentage of coffee production comes from Sulawesi than Sumatra, the coffee from Sulawesi is distinct and highly sought after. Close to 90% of the coffee production in Sulawesi is produced by farmers with average farm size of 1 hectare or less, making it an important economic activity for the region.

Regions & Cup profile

Sulawesi has six distinct growing regions: Enrekang, Sinjai, Gowa, Mamasa, Tana Toraja, and Toraja Utare. Over 18 million people live on the island and the official language is Sunda-Sulawesi. Sulawesi coffee is mostly wet-hulled like Sumatra, but a small amount is fully washed, leading to a distinct flavor not found elsewhere in Indonesia. In general, Sulawesi coffee has a lighter body and more acidity than Sumatra, with strong notes of green pepper, tobacco, and cedar.

Harvest Period

May-November

Annual productivity

12,000-15,000 bags (in Sulawesi)

Genetic Varieties

Jember, Typica, S795

Growing Regions

Enrekang, Sinjai, Gowa, Mamasa, Tana Toraja, and Toraja Utare